History

Is Hebron safe to visit?

Frequently asked questions about the City of Abraham and Sarah.

3.10.21, 21:51
Is Hebron safe to visit?
 
Yes, Hebron is safe to visit. There has been a steady increase in tourism over the past ten years. In 2019, over 1 million visitors came to Hebron. The Tomb of the Patriarchs and Matriarchs is one of the most iconic historical sites in Israel and has been a pilgrimage destination for travelers for thousands of years. 
 
How do I get to Hebron?
 
Hebron can be accessed by daily public transportation and private vehicles. Buses arrive to and from the Jerusalem Central Bus Station serviced by the Egged Taavura national bus company. Many buses also go to Kiryat Arba, the adjacent sister-community of Hebron from which one can walk, or take a bus, taxi or private vehicle. On holidays and special events such as Passover, Succot and Shabbat Chayei Sarah, Egged and other bus companies offer special expanded service. Weekly tours take place organized by both the local community and various hotels and hostels.
 
* Route 381 to Hebron (bus.co.il)
 
Is Hebron in Israel or Palestine?
 
Hebron has both Israeli and PA controlled sides. The Israeli side of Hebron, called H2, is under full Israeli jurisdiction, and is the equivalent to Area C of Judea and Samaria. Approximately 1,000 Israeli Jews live in Hebron.
 
There has been a Jewish community in Hebron since the time of Abraham and Sarah i.e. Middle / Late Bronze Age. 
 
Under the 1997 Hebron Accords, the city was divided into H1 and H2 of which the H2 section is under Israeli jurisdiction, making it the equivalent of Area C of Judea and Samaria. 
 
The H1 side of Hebron is under the jurisdiction of the Palestinian Authority and its residents are serviced by PA municipal services such as the PA educational system, sports and culture authority, welfare office, electric company and water department. PA Hebronites have voting rights in municipal and national Palestinian Authority elections. There is brisk commercial trade between the PA and Israel, specifically from Hebron, the region's largest and most industrialized city. Hebron factories export shoes, mattresses, plastic and other goods to Israel on a regular basis and Israeli products can be found in H1 Hebron shops.
 
The Tomb of the Patriarchs and Matriarchs is located in the H2 section under Israeli jurisdiction and has seen a steady increase in tourism in the past ten years culminating with an all-time high in 2019 of over 1 million tourists. Israeli residents living in Hebron are tax-paying citizens with voting rights in Israeli elections. Israeli Hebron residents have served as Members of Knesset. There are several kindergartens in H2 Hebron under the auspices of the Israeli Ministry of Education and Israeli Hebronites volunteer at a high rate for elite units in the Israeli Defense Forces and national service.
 
Is Hebron in Area C?
 
Yes, Hebron's Israeli neighborhoods and Jewish holy sites are under Israeli jurisdiction and are the equivalent of Area C, which in the case of the city of Hebron is called H2.
 
Hebron is divided into the H1 and H2 section, of which the H2 section is under Israeli jurisdiction. This makes the Israeli communities in Hebron the equivalent of Area C of Judea and Samaria. The Oslo II Accords of 1995 which divided Judea and Samaria into Areas A, B and C did not stipulate specifically the status of Hebron. This was determined in the 1997 Hebron Accords which created the H1 and H2 divisions. These agreements were co-signed by international bodies. All Israelis living in H2 Hebron and in Area C of Judea and Samaria are full Israeli citizens bound by Israeli law and required to pay taxes, Bituach Leumi (National Insurance) and register for the draft like all Israelis.
 
Is Hebron dangerous?
 
Hebron is not dangerous and in 2019, before the COVID-19 pandemic, over 1 million tourists visited. There is regular bus service to Hebron. Popular musicians perform there and elected officials across the political spectrum regularly visit. Hebron's image has been marred in the mainstream media due to terrorist attacks. However Hebron is safe compared to large urban centers throughout the world. There is virtually zero crime, no bars, and no red light district. Both the Palestinian Authority side and the Israeli side are populated by blue-collar, conservative, hard-working residents noted for their hospitality in the tradition of Abraham and Sarah, the Biblical figures buried in the Tomb of Machpela, the city's most well-known landmark.
 
HEBRON CONTACT INFORMATION
 
United States contact info:

http://www.hebronfund.org
1760 Ocean Avenue
Brooklyn, NY 11230
718-677-6886
info@hebronfund.org
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Israeli contact info:
http://en.hebron.org.il/
02-996-5333
office@hebron.com
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